A well-functioning Windows 10 hard drive may start to show error messages after a long-run. Typically, these hard drive errors are caused by abrupt power failures, hard drive crash, file system damage/corruption, system crash, improper shutdown, broken software/metadata, virus attack, and more. Also, these factors can lead to complete inaccessibility or data loss from a Windows 10 disk drive at severe extents.
Then, how to check and repair windows 10 hard drive errors on your own? Well, this informative editorial explains how to scan an error throwing Windows 10 drive and fix it using the free disk repair utility – CHKDSK available in Windows 10.
All About CHKDSK (Check Disk):
Check Disk in short CHDSK is a Windows built-in utility available for hard disk scanning and repairing. This Windows system tool helps to check and repair logical errors, bad sectors, file system integrity issues, or any other malfunctions of a Windows hard drive.
So, whenever you have encountered Windows 10 hard drive error messages like “disk needs to be formatted”, “disk not formatted. Do you want to format it?”, “the drive is corrupted and inaccessible”, “The file system is RAW”, and more, then you can run CHKDSK to fix the issues.
And, Here Are 3 Easy Ways to Repair Windows 10 Hard Drive Using CHKDSK:
Way 1: Run CHKDSK on Windows 10 Hard Drive/Partition from This PC
Open Windows 10 File Explorer and click This PC.
Right click on the drive/partition on which you want to run CHKDSK and select Properties.
Switch to Tools tab and click the Check button.
The Windows 10 CHKDSK quick scans the selected drive and asks you to check the disk if errors are detected. If no errors are found, you will show the below message:
Click on the Scan drive option, if you want to check the drive further. After the completion of the process, the tool gives a final confirmation message or detected errors for fixing.
Way 2: Run CHKDSK on Windows 10 Hard Drive from Disk Management
Right-click on the Windows 10 Start button and select Disk Management.
In the Disk Management wizard, select the drive/partition on which you want to run CHKDSK, right-click and select Properties.
Select the Tools tab, and click the Check button.
The Windows 10 CHKDSK quick scans the selected drive and asks you to check the disk if errors are detected. If no errors are found, you will show the below message.
CHKDSK displays a message after successful completion of the scanning process. If no errors are detected, it says no errors were found. Then, Close the window.
If any errors are detected, Windows requests a restart to fix the found errors. You can agree to reboot the computer to repair the errors.
Way 3: Run CHKDSK on Windows 10 Hard Drive from Command Prompt.
Type in cmd in the Windows 10 Cortana, right-click on the Command Prompt and select Run as administrator.
In the Command Prompt, type chkdsk: D /r (replace D with the drive letter of your hard drive which you want to scan for) and hit Enter key.
This command indicates CHKDSK to scan the specified hard drive/partition for errors and try to fix if any sound during the scan process.
Next, type exit to close the Command Prompt window after completion of the scanning and fixing process.
Suggested: CHKDSK cannot scan data located on hard bad sectors of the drive. Thus, your data stored on those hard bad clusters may get lost or become inaccessible. So, don’t forget to backup your important files before you start fixing any drive using CHKDSK.
- Sometimes, you may receive an error message “CHKDSK cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts?” while scanning the partition/drive which is in use. If that is the case, type-in Yand click the Enter Then, restart your computer and to continue to repair the drive using CHKDSK.
By chance, if you cannot reboot your computer or encountered error messages like CHKDSK is not available for RAW drives, then try to run the CHKDSK tool using Command Prompt either from Recovery Mode or with the help of original Windows 10 installation disc.